He started his career in the judicial and legal services of Malaysia before joining the Banking & Financial sector. He held various positions in the Banking & Financial sector up to 1986. After which he became an advocate & solicitor in Malaysia up to 1990. In 1990, he was elected member of Parliament until 2013. He served as a Cabinet Minister from 1990 to 2009 in several portfolios including Minister of Foreign Affairs and Minister of Interior. In 2010 up to 2017, he was appointed by the Prime Minister of Malaysia as the Chairman of SPAD.
Advisory Board provides IHRA with strategic and technical advice. It is composed of existing operators of high-speed rail based on Crash Avoidance Principle and knowledgeable persons from countries which have a high-speed rail project.
To promote smooth IHRA activities, two Advisory Board are founded. The Boards would advise to the Board of Directors. Each Advisory Board are compose of existing operators of high-speed rail based on Crash Avoidance Principle or persons from countries which has a high-speed rail project or others.
Advisory Boards will promote international cooperation and general understanding of the High-Speed Rail system based on the Crash Avoidance Principle, and provide independent strategic and technical advice.